Per Anders Åslund (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈânːdɛʂ oːslɵnd];[tones?] born 17 February 1952) is a Swedish economist and a Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council. He is also a chairman of the International Advisory Council at the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE).
His work focuses on economic transition from centrally planned to market economies. Åslund served as an economic adviser to the governments of Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Ukraine and from 2003 was director of the Russian and Eurasian Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Åslund was an advocate of early, comprehensive, and radical economic reforms in Russia and Eastern Europe. He worked at the Peterson Institute for International Economics from 2006 to 2015. In 2013, David Frum wrote that “Anders Aslund at the Peterson Institute is one of the world’s leading experts on the collapse of the planned Soviet economy.” 
Books in order of publication:
- Private Enterprise in Eastern Europe. The Non-Agricultural Private Sector in Poland and the GDR, 1945–83 Macmillan, London, 1985, 294 pp.
- Gorbachev’s Struggle for Economic Reform, Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1989, 219 pp. 2nd ed., Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1991, 262 pp.
- Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, 106 pp.
- How Russia Became a Market Economy, 1995.
- Getting It Wrong: Regional Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Independent States, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., 1999., with Martha Brill Olcott and Sherman W. Garnett,
- Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc, 2001
- How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
- Russia’s Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, 2007
- How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy, 2009
- The Russia Balance Sheet, 2009 by Anders Åslund and Andrew Kuchins
- The Last Shall Be the first: The East European Financial Crisis, 2008–10, 2010
- How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, 2011, by Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis
- Ukraine: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It, 2015
- Russia’s Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy, 2019