Arthur Conan Doyle or Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (May 1859 – July 1930) was a Scottish writer and physician, known as one of the greatest writers of crime fiction and particularly renowned for his Sherlock Holmes series. He attended a Roman Catholic Jesuit school in Hodder Place, Stonyhurst and went on to study medicine at the University of Edinburgh from 1876 to 1881, where he started writing stories in his free time. Conan Doyle first published a story in a journal when he was 19.

Following his graduation, he sported a brief run as a ship doctor on the SS Mayumba during a voyage to the West African coast. The first Sherlock Holmes story he wrote, A Study in Scarlet, was published in 1887, and while his medicine career didn’t go all as planned – Conan Doyle himself writes in his autobiography that