David Chalmers

David Chalmers is University Professor of Philosophy and Neural Science and codirector of the Center for Mind, Brain, and Consciousness at New York University. He is the author of The Conscious Mind, The Character of Consciousness, and Constructing the World. He has given the John Locke Lectures and has been awarded the Jean Nicod Prize. He is known for formulating the “hard problem” of consciousness, which inspired Tom Stoppard’s play The Hard Problem, and for the idea of the “extended mind,” which says that the tools we use can become parts of our minds.

Books in order of publication:


The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory (1996). Oxford University Press.

Toward a Science of Consciousness III: The Third Tucson Discussions and Debates (1999). Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak and David J. Chalmers (Editors). The MIT Press.

Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings (2002). (Editor). Oxford University Press.

The Character of Consciousness (2010). Oxford University Press.

Constructing The World (2012). Oxford University Press.

Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy (2022). W. W. Norton & Company.

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